"Blind woman with daughter.
After the motive of the
"Blind woman" poem"
Shortly before his emancipation, and particularly directly following it, Shevchenko's predominance as a poet became quite marked, in spite of his continued cultivation of a career in painting. He began as a strict romanticist with the ballad “The Bewitched Woman" (Przchinna') which he wrote in 1837. The next year proved prolific in shorter lyrics and longer poems, twelve items in all, written under the influence of the social conditions either of his day or of the Cossack historical past. The encouragement and impetus to their publication was supplied by P. Martos, a wealthy Ukrainian landlord from the Poltava region, whose portrait Shevchenko was painting at that time.
"Cossack feast", 1838
One acquaintance led to another, and in time Shevchenko became known to many influential people in artistic circles, including the Ukrainian-born, Dmytro Hrihorovich, the secretary of the board of the Academy of Art; Oleksij Venetsianov, the painter; Karl Briullov, the creator of “The Last Day of Pompeii" canvas; and the famous Russian Romantic poet, Vasyl Zhukovsky, the tutor of Tsarevich Alexander. By that time Shevchenko had produced several paintings dealing with old Slavic and Classical themes, and these revealed him to them as an artist of some promise. Among this coterie it then became a question of freeing Shevchenko from serfdom; and it was finally decided that Briullov would paint a portrait of Zhukovsky that would be auctioned off at the imperial court for at least 2,500 rubles, the sum demanded by Engelhardt for Shevchenko's liberation.
Vilnius city panorama,1785
Painted by Franciszek
Presently the fourteen-year-old Taras was taken into the palace in the nearby town Vilshana to serve as a helper to the cook, but, failing in the kitchen, he was transferred to the apartments to attend his lord as a lackey. However, he was not to be pinned down to drudgery, and whenever he could he would escape to pass his time secretly in musings, drawing, and painting, especially at night when he could not be detected. Once, however, he was surprised by the lord at sketching and was mercilessly beaten for running the risk of setting the house on fire by burning the midnight oil. The next day he was soundly birched to boot. This happened in Vilna, where P. Engelhardt was living, together with his suite, as an adjutant to the Russian governor of the province of Lithuania. However painful the incident may have been, it marked a turning point in the budding artist's life, for it finally dawned on the master that his footman was talented indeed and warranted lessons from a competent teacher. And so in 1830 began his formal art studies at the studio of Jan Rustan of Vilna.
"Dumka" / "Vitre buinyi, vitre buinyi!"
("Думка" / "Вітре буйний, вітре буйний!" )
1838, S.- Petersburg, (C. - Петербург)
"Prychynna" / "Reve ta stohne Dnipr shyrokyi"
("Причинна" / "Реве та стогне Дніпр широкий")
1837, S.- Petersburg, (C. - Петербург)
He was barely nine when his mother died at the age of thirty-seven. A few months later his father married a widow, Oksana Tereshchenko, who brought into his household three children of her own. The fostermother was a termagant not only to her husband but also to his children, particularly to young Taras, whose stubbornness irritated her greatly. To prevent as much as he could her harsh treatment of his son, the father would often take him on his carting journeys. During one of those expeditions the older Shevchenko caught a severe chill and shortly after his return home died in the early part of 1825, aged forty-seven, when Taras was about eleven. Life with the fostermother then became doubly intolerable, and many a time he had to seek protection from her by escaping to his eldest sister, who was by that time married and living apart.
Introduction of "The poetical works of Taras Shevchenko. The Kobzar" by Constantine Henry Andrusyshen and Watson Kirkconnell.
"Stoit v seli Subotovi"
("Стоїть в селі Суботові...")
1845, Mirhorod (Миргород)
From news archive: October 24, 2014
Taras Shevchenko portrait painted on a 17-storey building in Kharkiv was included into Ukraine’s Guinness Record Book.
From news archive: March 2011
"A ceremony marking the 150-year anniversary of death of prominent Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko was held here on Thursday 11 March 2011."
Continuing the series of events in honor of the 200th anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko, at physics and mathematics faculty, students, faculty, staff the Scientific Library had an opportunity to touch the soul of Shevchenko's words, listen to "druzhneye poslasha" poet "And the dead and the living, and unborn in Ukraine and outside Ukraine..."
From news archive: March 2014
"Buvaly voiny y viiskovii svary"
("Бували войни й військовії свари")
1860, S.- Petersburg (С.- Петербург)
Taras Shevchenko"Hoholiu" / "Za dumoiu duma roiem vylitaie..."
("Гоголю" / "За думою дума роєм вилітає...")
1844, S.- Petersburg (С.- Петербург)
Vera Rich was an accomplished translator of Ukrainian and Belarussian literature and poetry.
"Ivan Pidkova" / "Bulo kolys v Ukraini"
("Іван Підкова" / "Було колись в Україні")
1839, S.- Petersburg (С.- Петербург)
1838, S.- Petersburg (С.- Петербург)
"Dumka" / "Teche voda v synie more"
("Думка" / "Тече вода в синє море")
1838, S.- Petersburg (С.- Петербург)
World literature has some great names which have become symbols of the nations to which they belong. To understand the greatness of Taras Shevchenko and his significance for the Ukrainian nation, one must understand the epoch which preceded the poet's appearance.
"Greatness of Taras Shevchenko", by Yar Slavutych.
Title page of the book
The poetical works of Taras Shevchenko:
(Translated by Constantine Henry Andrusyshen and Watson Kirkconnell).
Taras Shevchenko in articles, essays and publications